SINGAPORE’S rich were not spared the effects of the global financial meltdown last year, with the number of millionaires here shrinking 22 per cent to 61,000 people.
A year earlier, Singapore boasted one of the world’s top 10 fastest-growing millionaires’ clubs, with a 15.3 per cent expansion to 78,000.
A millionaire is defined as a person having net assets of at least US$1 million (S$1.45 million), excluding his main residence and everyday possessions.
Observers say the sharp drop is probably because the well-heeled here were invested heavily in equities and real estate, both of which have suffered in the crisis.
The figures emerged in the 13th annual World Wealth Report released yesterday by banking group Merrill Lynch and research firm Capgemini.
On average, Singapore’s ‘high net worth individuals’ were worth about US$3 million each, said Mr Kong Eng Huat, managing director and head of South Asia advisory at Merrill Lynch Global Wealth Management.
‘A lot of these (individuals) are in the US$1 million to US$5 million range. So that’s why you find a greater drop in terms of the high net worth population because…when the market comes down and they have invested heavily in equities then they would not be a high net worth individual any more,’ he added.
Globally, the number of people in the millionaires’ club fell by about 15 per cent to 8.6 million, which is below the figure in 2005. North America, Europe and the Asia-Pacific registered the largest declines.
The total wealth of these individuals fell to US$32.8 trillion, also below the levels in 2005. However, this is forecast to recover in all regions by 2013, with Asia-Pacific leading the growth.
More than half of the world’s millionaires last year came from three countries – the United States, Japan and Germany. The proportion is a slight increase from the year before.
China climbed one rung to become the country with the fourth largest millionaires’ population of 364,000.
The World Wealth Report also indicated that the millionaires have reacted to the crisis by moving more of their assets into cash and fixed-income securities – and away from equities.
A larger proportion of wealth was allocated to art collections and jewellery, gems and watches. This category hit 47 per cent last year, up from 38 per cent in 2006.
Mr Bhalaji Raghavan, Capgemini’s banking solutions leader for Asia-Pacific, said: ‘One of the reasons is that people believe that (these items) over a long period of time increase in value, so it’s a lot safer than putting their money in financial markets.’
Giving to charity was forecast to be on the decrease on average across the globe this year, especially in North America, but increasing in the Asia-Pacific region.
Private banks contacted by The Straits Times said their clients are now staying away from high-risk investment products.
‘Currently, it is back to basics of investment, and we have seen that cash positions in portfolios are high,’ said Mr Rajesh Malkani, Standard Chartered Private Bank’s head of Southeast Asia.
Mr Raj Sriram, RBS Coutts’ head of private banking in Singapore, agreed: ‘From a private bank perspective, the main challenge is that clients have become more risk averse due to volatility in the markets…Clients today largely prefer simpler, liquid investments.’
Source: Straits Times, 26 June 2009